The History Of Emergency Locksmiths in Dudley One of the oldest professions …

Dating back to ancient Egypt over 4000 years ago, the art of locksmiths, passed down through generations throughout Europe and the middle east
Back then locks were less sophisticated with most locks being large, crude and made of wood. They were however just as effective. The art of locksmithing was born. Internally there were still pins and tumblers and their complexity was enough to dissuade thieves and looters. As such this was the birth of the craft we now know as locksmithing. The technology soon spread to ancient Greece, Rome and eventually throughout ancient Europe
Wealthy Romans would keep their valuables under lock and key and would wear the keys as rings on their fingers or necklaces. A sign of wealth and status this had the benefit of keeping the key safe on them at all times and showing others that they had possessions worthy of locking away. The oldest known lock was in ruins in the Assyrian empire in the city of Khorsabad, around 704 bc and is still operational today.


Around 870-900 AD when the first metal locks started to appear made from iron crafted by the English soon spread across Europe and China operated my sophisticated keys through turning, pushing or screwing.
Masters of innovation – emergency locksmiths in Dudley have developed highly complex skills in opening locks with minimum damage
As locksmiths developed, they became talented metalworkers. During the 13th to 16th centuries, this saw a rise in artistic endeavours by locksmiths. Their designs became more intricate inspired by the Royal crests of the nobility.
And they looked more pleasing but the internal mechanics of the locks remained unchanged.
With advances in metalwork following in the early 19th century, locksmiths were able to create more durable and secure locks and keys.

The Evolution Of The Modern Lock

Unchanged, the basic mechanics of how a lock and key worked had remained relatively the same for centuries. The industrial revolution in the 18th century changed this, with more advanced engineering and parts standardisation greatly increasing, the complexity and sophistication of locks and keys.

1778, Robert Barron perfected the tumbler lock

Still used today the perfected lock required the lever to be lifted to a specific height,
lifting the lever too far was as bad as not lifting it far enough. This made locks more secure against intruders the design is still in use today.


A burglary in a Portsmouth Dockyard in 1817 lead to the British Government creating a competition to produce a more superior lock and was subsequently won by Jeremiah Chubb.
Developing the Chubb detector lock Jeremiah Chubbs lock not only made it difficult for people to pick it, but would indicate if it had been tampered with.
He won the competition after a lock picker failed to open it after 3 months.


Developing vastly improved locks in the coming years including six levers instead of the four massively increasing the difficulty in picking locks. Also including a plate that allowed the key to pass through but making it impossible to see the internal workings.


Joseph Bramah created an alternative method in 1784. his locks used a round key with a striated design which would move metal slides interfering with the opening of the lock. Once the slides were in the correct alignment the lock would open. A design that was impossible to pick at the time. Here at p&R Emergency Locksmiths we have mastered the skill, using the latest high tech tools to pick most types of lock.

Double Acting Pin Tumbler lock

In 1848 Linus Yale invented the Yale lock the earliest patent for this design was granted in 1805 which is still in use today, the design uses differing length pins. In 1861, he then developed a smaller flatter key with serrated edges that would move the pins.
Other than the introduction of electronic locks, most modern locks are based on the designs created by Chubb, Bramah and Yale.

The Changing Role Of The Locksmith

Emergency Locksmiths in Dudley are continually developing their skills and are now more than ever regarded as the go-to trade for upgrading security and assessing the veracity of your locks – always seek the opinion of registered locksmiths following the loss of your keys and especially after a burglary.
you can read more news on our emergency Locksmiths in Dudley news page HERE
All locksmiths have to apply skills in metalwork, woodwork, mechanics and electronics. Many tend to focus on the residential sector or work for commercial security companies. However, they can also specialise as forensic locksmiths, or specialise in a particular area of locksmiths such as auto locks